Migration Data


MIGRATION DATA THEMATIC WORKING GROUP
The Free Movement and Migration (FMM) West Africa project seeks to support the development of standardized procedures to collect and process migration-relevant data. The project also supports the ECOWAS Commission in the development of a regional migration profile, providing an overview of migration data and trends in the ECOWAS region.

At the national level, the project will reinforce migration data collection and management capacities and stakeholder coordination in all Member States, through the strengthening of data management tools and approaches, the updating of Migration Profile initiatives in countries where they already exist, and the extension of research and capacity building activities to remaining countries.

FMM West Africa is funded by the European Union and the ECOWAS Commission. It is implemented jointly by the International Organization for Migration, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development and the International Labour Organization.

INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY-BUILDING

  • Develop a comprehensive training plan for the ECOWAS Commission on migration data collection and analysis as well as the application of data to the development of migration policies and strategies;
  • Provide a regional Training of Trainers (TOT) on migration data collection and management; and
  • Enhance the capacities of key national institutions in ECOWAS Member States and Mauritania through trainings in migration data collection and management.

GUIDELINES AND OPERATIONS

  • Support the ECOWAS Commission in the development of regional guidelines and common operating procedures for migration data collection and management; and
  • Support migration data collection operations in selected ECOWAS Member States and Mauritania.

MIGRATION PROFILES

  • Compile National Migration Profiles in ECOWAS Member States lacking one, and update the Profiles in Member States already in possession of one; and
  • Develop a Regional Migration Profile for West Africa.

BRIEF
Migration issues continue to occupy international news with mass departures, especially from African to developed countries. To handle this issue by putting migration at the service of development for both the countries of departure and the countries of destination, it is necessary to reorient development policies towards more reliable targets with major development impacts. To achieve this, it is essential to assess the evolution of the situation on the basis of quantified instruments such as migration statistics.

To this end, regional authorities require reliable statistics that are up-to-date and available in time and coverage. Unfortunately, the ECOWAS countries suffer at various levels from the almost complete lack of data on migration. This situation is due to, inter alia, institutional, organizational and technical shortcomings in their production chain of national statistics and most often, very high cost of collecting data. The needs for reliable statistics by decision-makers, at the regional and international levels, have increased in recent years.

The analysis of the root causes for the production of migration data in the Member States led the ECOWAS Commission, with the financial and technical support of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), to carry out the Diagnostic Study of National Migration Statistics data Collection and Management Systems (IOM / ECOWAS, 2015). As revealed in the Diagnostic Study, comparable statistical data on migration flows are virtually non-existent at the state level.

Similarly, the little data produced on migration is presented in different forms and production methodologies also vary from country to country which does not allow regional and international aggregation and comparability. Statistical production to inform decision-making in the field of migration poses challenges to the region of West African which is already weakened and highly vulnerable. The main challenge is lack of survey on migration and harmonize data collection tools to inform regional indicators and the collection of existing data at the national level.

To address this major challenge, the International Organization for Migration [IOM] through European Union [EU] funding and the Directorate of Research and Statistics have developed tools for data collection and data management to compile regional indicators. At the moment,

  • a Migration Data Expert Group appointed by the National Statistical Institutes and trained by ECOWAS in collaboration with IOM on the migration theme was created to facilitate the collection and management of migration data at the state level.
  • Basic tools for strengthening the technical capacities of national institutions in the collection and management of migration data * were designed and made available to the Focal Points. Among other things, there are the ECOWAS guidelines, the Training manual and a Train the Trainer Kit for national actors for migration data management.
  • a national migration data reporting system was developed for analysis and presentation of regional migration indicators in West Africa.

National Focal Points have already benefited from a range of technical support ranging from their participation in training workshops to exchanges and sharing of experiences for the harmonization of concepts on migration and the management of migration statistics. In addition, at the regional level, training tools for national trainers have also been designed and delivered for national migration actors as well as a questionnaire for collecting the first national data.

The results already obtained are certainly noble, but the expectations for having migration data on regional indicators are still far from being met. Indeed, several states still have insufficient capacity for the collection and analysis of migration data in accordance with the ECOWAS tool, while for others the lack of synergy between national actors affects quality and availability of data.

The initial phase of using the tool to collect data migration revealed considerable differences among Member States in the production and publication of data according to international standards. Further analysis of responses received from Member States reveal low response rates across indicators. Member States responded on the average of 2 out of 12 indicators for the years 2017 and June 2018. With the support of IOM, the tool is currently being reviewed in order to make it more user-friendly, more flexible, secured and scalable.

This working group aims to:

  • Enhance the capacity of National Focal Persons on migration data tool and resolve pending questions;
  • Collect existing migration data and develop an action plan for outstanding indicators;
  • Strengthen the synergy of action and facilitate the involvement of National Focal Points in the migration data production and management chain; and
  • Identify technical shortcomings to the efficient operation of all existing sources for the production of comparable reliable data on migration.

The adoption of the methodological guide for data filling is very important for harmonizing collection practices and the production of quality, reliable and comparable data at regional and international level.

EXPECTED RESULTS
The expected results are as follows:

  • Tools for collecting data on migration (question and its filling guide) are updated, adapted to West African contexts as well as to international standards and validated by national migration experts;
  • Existing data migration already collected for the years 2017 and 2018 are analyzed and regional indicators are calculated;
  • Strengthen the synergy of action and facilitate the involvement of National Focal Points in the migration data production and management chain;
  • Identify technical shortcomings to the efficient operation of all existing sources for producing comparable reliable data on migration;
  • Methodologies for the collection and management of migration data are harmonized within the ECOWAS region; and
  • Shortcomings in national migration data production systems are analyzed with solution approaches to make the data more reliable and quality.

Action Areas:
ADOPTION OF NEW PRACTICES, COMMON STATISTICAL METHODS AND HARMONISATION WITH INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

  • Contribute to the adoption of new practices, common statistical methods and harmonization with International standards on Migration Data in the ECOWAS region.

COORDINATION, INFORMATION EXCHANGE AND DECISION MAKING

  • Contribute to fact-based decision making process through regular information exchange and strengthened coordination of migration data actors within the region;
  • Support national structures in the development of data management strategies that will facilitate the effective collection and analysis of migration data (National Committees for Data Collection and Management; and
  • Reinforcement of the capacity of the MIDWA focal points in data collection.

DATA COLLECTION AND MANAGEMENT PROCESSES

  • Increase policy relevance of statistical report through enhanced quality of Migration Data management process.

DISSEMINATION OF STATISTICAL OUTPUTS BY THE ECOWAS COMMISSION AND AWARENESS RAISING

  • Migration Statistics produced within the ECOWAS region are made available for wider use.

ESTABLISHMENT OF A SOUND AND COMPREHENSIVE LEGAL AND POLITICAL FRAMEWORK

  • Contribute to the establishment of a sound and comprehensive legal and political framework in the field of migration data.



Border Management

West Africa borders and ports are busy places with tens of thousands of goods …


Labour Migration

The Free Movement and Migration (FMM) West Africa…


Migration Data

Migration issues continue to occupy international news…


Mixed Migration

Mixed migration is an important feature of mobility in West Africa…


Return and Re-integration

Migration is a paramount factor in economic growth…


MEMBER STATES

Benin

Benin

The Gambia

Benin

Liberia

Benin

Senegal

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Mali

Mali

Niger

Niger

Ghana

Ghana

Cote D’Ivoire

Cote D’Ivoire

Togo

Togo

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde


Guinea

Guinea


Nigeria

Nigeria



NON-MEMBER STATE

Mauritania

Mauritania





QUICK LINKS


ECOWAS
Rabat Process
IOM
AU
World Border Security Congress
KHARTOUM PROCESS
SWISS