Labour Migration


LABOUR MIGRATION THEMATIC WORKING GROUP
The Free Movement and Migration (FMM) West Africa project supports free movement and migration in the region.FMM West Africa aims at strengthening the capacities of the ECOWAS Commission and national governments in the area of Labour Migration. It supports ECOWAS in implementing its Labour and Employment Policy and Action plan adopted in 2009 and building its capacity in labor migration management.

The project also supports the improvement of the labor market information systems in the region and regional standard-setting for the protection of migrant workers and promotes regional dialogue on labor migration.

FMM West Africa is funded by the European Union and the ECOWAS Commission. It is implemented jointly by the International Organization for Migration, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development, and the International Labour Organization.

REGIONAL LEVEL
A Support the dialogue on labor migration in the ECOWAS Member States and Mauritania through the Regional Tripartite Social Dialogue Forum; Assist the ECOWAS Commission in promoting the harmonization of labor legislation and improve the governance of labor and skills mobility in the region; Support the harmonization of qualification recognition policies.

Build ECOWAS capacities in:

  • Labour migration policy development; and
  • Labour migration data collection and management.

NATIONAL LEVEL
Assist the ECOWAS Member States and Mauritania in:

  • Development and adoption of national migration policies;
  • Implementation of the General Convention on Social security;
  • Protection of migrant workers’ rights;
  • Informing migrant workers of their rights and obligations; and
  • Informing social partners and migrant workers associations on the project.

BRIEF
International labor migration can be broadly characterized by the movement of low and high skilled workers which is projected to increase over the medium- and long- term because of demographic changes, the growing need for such workers in high-income and emerging countries, and the lack of decent work opportunities in sending countries. A key development objective for low-skilled migration is to enhance the welfare of migrant workers and their families by maximizing the benefits of migration and reducing its costs, particularly monetary costs associated with obtaining jobs abroad. High skilled migration can have diverse and potentially opposing sets of effects in sending countries, especially among those that have human capital shortages and face other development constraints.

In order to identify the development impact of high skilled migration, understanding emerging patterns is crucial, along with their linkages to underlying economic, social, and cultural pull-and-push factors. A related objective is to identify and develop innovative approaches to facilitate the recognition of foreign skills, qualifications, and competencies of migrant workers at various skill levels to better facilitate integration into formal labor markets at the destination.

Areas of Focus

  • Strengthen Public Employment Service (PES) and labor market statistics institutions to promote an effective match between labor supply and demand through the establishment of Labour Market and Migration Information Systems (LMISTM) in the ECOWAS region;
  • Strengthen Collective Bargaining and Social Dialogue structures at the national and regional level;
  • Establish the Permanent Secretariat to better coordinate the activities of the Social Dialogue Forum;
  • ECOWAS should give priority to the problem of labor migration and increase funds for its actions;
  • Integrate a monitoring mechanism into the ECOWAS Labour and Employment Policy as part of the review process; and
  • Established with the necessary resources to enable coordination and follow-up of the work of the Forum and its technical bodies such as the Working Group on Labour Migration; anything that would make its contribution to the work of MIDWA efficient.



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MEMBER STATES

Benin

Benin

The Gambia

Benin

Liberia

Benin

Senegal

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Mali

Mali

Niger

Niger

Ghana

Ghana

Cote D’Ivoire

Cote D’Ivoire

Togo

Togo

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde


Guinea

Guinea


Nigeria

Nigeria



NON-MEMBER STATE

Mauritania

Mauritania





QUICK LINKS


ECOWAS
Rabat Process
IOM
AU
World Border Security Congress
KHARTOUM PROCESS
SWISS